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Origins and History

The Cyrillic alphabet, an iconic writing system renowned for its distinctive appearance, finds its roots in the 9th century. Created by two Byzantine brothers, Cyril and Methodius, the alphabet was devised to translate religious texts into the Slavic languages of the region. Its name "Cyrillic" honors the elder brother, Cyril, who is credited with the alphabet's initial development. Originally, the Cyrillic script had 43 letters, but over time, it evolved to encompass additional characters, adapting to the phonetic needs of various languages.


The Cyrillic alphabet is predominantly used in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, serving as the writing system for several Slavic languages, including Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Serbian. It is also employed for non-Slavic languages like Mongolian, Kazakh, Uzbek, and Tajik.

One of its most prominent applications is in Russia, where it has been the official script for centuries. The Cyrillic alphabet played an integral role in preserving and spreading Russian literature, philosophy, and cultural heritage during the country's Golden Age.

In addition to its linguistic significance, Cyrillic calligraphy and typography have become distinctive art forms, adorning religious manuscripts, monuments, and modern media. Its elegant curves and ornate characters contribute to its visual appeal and widespread recognition.

Moreover, Cyrillic serves as a symbol of national identity and unity among the diverse Slavic-speaking communities. It has facilitated the exchange of knowledge and ideas across countries, enriching the cultural fabric of the region.

In contemporary times, Cyrillic is widely used in electronic communications, print media, and digital content, solidifying its place as an enduring writing system in the modern world.

In conclusion, the Cyrillic alphabet is a timeless creation, born from the desire to convey religious knowledge and language to the Slavic peoples. With its graceful design and widespread application, it has become an emblem of cultural diversity and unity, leaving a lasting impression on the literary, artistic, and linguistic traditions of the regions it touches.

Cyrillic Table

  1. a

    А / а

  2. b

    Б / б

  3. v

    В / в

  4. g

    Г / г

  5. d

    Д / д

  6. ye, je, e

    Е / е

  7. yo, jo, ë

    Ё / ё

  8. zh, ž

    Ж / ж

  9. z

    З / з

  10. i

    И / и

  11. y, i, j

    Й / й

  12. k

    К / к

  13. l

    Л / л

  14. m

    М / м

  15. n

    Н / н

  16. o

    О / о

  17. p

    П / п

  18. r

    Р / р

  19. s

    С / с

  20. t

    Т / т

  21. u

    У / у

  22. f

    Ф / ф

  23. kh, h

    Х / х

  24. ts, c

    Ц / ц

  25. ch

    Ч / ч

  26. sh

    Ш / ш

  27. shch, sch

    Щ / щ

  28. ʺ

    Ъ / ъ

  29. y

    Ы / ы

  30. ʹ

    Ь / ь

  31. e, è

    Э / э

  32. yu, ju

    Ю / ю

  33. ya, ja

    Я / я