v. (n. 'fallthrough', var. 'fall-through') 1. To exit a loop by exhaustion, i.e., by having fulfilled its exit condition rather than via a break or exception condition that exits from the middle of it. This usage appears to be *really* old, dating from the 1940s and 1950s.
2. To fail a test that would have passed control to a subroutine or some other distant portion of code.
3. In C, 'fall-through' occurs when the flow of execution in a switch statement reaches a 'case' label other than by jumping there from the switch header, passing a point where one would normally expect to find a 'break'. A trivial example:
/* FALL THROUGH */
The variant spelling '
/* FALL THRU */' is also common.
The effect of this code is to
do_green() when color is
do_red() when color is 'RED',
do_blue() on any other color other than 'PINK', and
(and this is the important part)
do_pink() *and then*
do_red() when color is 'PINK'. Fall-through is
considered harmful by some, though there are contexts (such as
the coding of state machines) in which it is natural; it is
generally considered good practice to include a comment
highlighting the fall-through where one would normally expect a